Appearance: Above, varies from light tan to bright orange with black markings. Below, disk olive or brown with a buff submarginal band on the hindwing; spots always silvered. Hindwing marginal spots often more triangular.
Size: Medium; 1 7/8 to 2 1/2 inches
Habitat: Grasslands, woodlands, ravines and ridges
Season: May to August
Larval Foodplant: Violets
Did You Know…
Males perch and patrol for females, often by flying to hilltops (hilltopping). Single eggs are laid in litter near the host plant violets and first-stage caterpillars hibernate until spring when they feed on early emerging violet leaves.
Species Gallery (click to enlarge)